The Clean Water Actand the Safe Drinking Water Act are the two primary laws regulating pollutant discharges into the waters of the United States. Of those two laws, the Clean Water Act gave the EPA the authority to implement pollution control programs and set standards related to water cleanliness. Compliance monitoring is one of the principal ways the EPA ensures that the regulated community obeys the Clean Water Act and the Safe Drinking Act, among other laws and regulations.
In California, the Stormwater Multi-Application, Reporting and Tracking System (SMARTS) issue the Industrial Stormwater General Permit (IGP) and the Construction Stormwater General Permit (CGP) in accordance with the EPA’s National Discharge Elimination System Permits (NPDES). Both permits are designed to reduce pollution entering into stormwater runoff. Failure to obtain the required permit as well as unpermitted discharges are two obvious and direct violations, but other violation of state stormwater permits may be less obvious.